DISCRIPTION ON THE Big Mex Mushrooms
Big Mex Mushrooms is a species in the group of psilocybin mushrooms
(also including P. tampanensis, and to a lesser extent P. cinctulus) that are known to produce sclerotia—hardened
masses of mycelium that function in nature as a way for the organism to survive unfavorable conditions (nutrient depletion, drought, freezing, etc). You may hear the sclerotia of these species also called truffles, but technically this is a biological misnomer. From a mycological perspective, unlike sclerotia, truffles are reproductive structures—subterranean spore containers
that spread their genetic payload through consumption by animals and subsequent excretion into new environments. True truffle-producing species are typically ectomycorrhizal,meaning their existence relies on a symbiotic relationship with specific host tree species. Though identified in close proximity to a variety of trees, P. mexicana’s preferred habitat is manure-rich grassland,
which caused Paul Stamets to nickname these the “Mexican liberty cap” due to the two species’ affinity for similar environments.
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The sclerotia produced by P. mexicana are a lumpy bundle of densely packed mycelium,
which can range in size from smaller than a pea to as large as an ostrich egg, but are rarely as uniform in shape.
The color of sclerotia seems to depend on growing conditions, and can range from light yellow to dark brown, and even blue in places.
Due to their irregular shape, size, and color, a positive identification is rarely possible from the sclerotia alone (for that we must look at the mushrooms themselves).